Basilicata, sometimes called by its historic name Lucania, is a region in Italy's far south. It is an interesting and varied region, with some dramatic scenery. Matera is fascinating and atmospheric, and perhaps the most unusual, evocative place to visit in Italy. The cave districts are partly restored, with recreations of cave-dwelling life, but there are also abandoned grottoes to explore and rock-cut frescoed churches to visit. Here you can learn how to cook a traditional dish with Mamma Melina: stuffed Matera bread with fava beans and chicory.